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Definitions

Accredited Institution
Definition: A college or university in California that has received accreditation from an approving accrediting body. In California most students attend a college or university accredited by the Western Association of Schools and College (WASC). Institutions that fail accreditation cannot offer transfer courses and if they fail over a period of time to meet accreditation standards they can be ultimately closed.

Advanced Placement Courses
Definition: The Advanced Placement (AP) is a program of college level curriculum and examinations for high school students who obtain high scores above a certain number on examination.

Affidavit
Definition: A legal document confirmed and normally signed in the presence of a notary public.

A-G Course List
Definition: A list of high school courses that fulfill the subject requirements for admission to the University of California and The California State University.

Associate’s Degree
Definition: A degree earned after two years of full-time equivalent study in an approved course of study at a community college or private two-year college.

Baccalaureate or Bachelor’s Degree
Definition: A degree typically earned after the equivalent of four years of full-time study in an approved course of study at a four-year college or university.

Bursar’s Office
Definition: The office at a college or university that handles all student financial transactions such as billing, receiving payments, and managing installment plans.

California High School Proficiency Exam (CHSPE)
Definition: A proficiency exam usually taken by public school 10th graders that assesses reading, writing and mathematics skills. It is necessary to pass the exam before a student is deemed eligible to receive a high school diploma.

California Community College (CCC)
Definition: One of 112 public colleges that prepares students to transfer to four-year colleges and universities. Typically, transfer students attend a CCC for the equivalent of two years.

California State University
Definition: A public system of 23 universities in California. The CSU enrolls the upper 33% of California’s high school graduates each year.

Court Order
Definition: An order issued by a court of law that requires a person to do or refrain from a particular act or acts.

Doctorate
Definition: A degree earned after earning a baccalaureate or bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree. Typically three to five years of equivalent full-time study in an approved course of study are necessary for a doctoral degree.

Entrepreneur
Definition: A person who owns a business or businesses.

Freshman or Freshmen
Definition: First year students attending a college or university.

GED
Definition: The General Educational Development Test (GED), if passed, allows students 18 years of age or older to receive the California High School Equivalency Certificate. Passage is required for graduation from high school.

Graduate Student
Definition: A student who has earned a baccalaureate or bachelor’s degree and is enrolled in a master’s or doctoral program.

High School Transcript
Definition: A document produced by a high school listing the classes that the student took and the grades received.

In-state tuition
Definition: Enrollment fees at public colleges and universities charged to students who are in-state residents.

Independent College or University
Definition: One of approximately 75 private colleges and universities in California.

Litigation
Definition: The act of engaging in a legal contest in a court of law.

Master’s Degree
Definition: A degree earned after earning a baccalaureate or bachelor’s degree. Typically one to two years of equivalent full-time study in an approved course of study are needed for a master’s degree.

Non-resident Fees
Definition: Fees charged to college or university students who do not have legal residency in California.

Ombudsman
Definition: An officer of a college or university who investigates, reports on, and helps settle complaints or disputes.

Out-of-state tuition
Definition: Enrollment fees at public colleges and universities charged to students who are not California residents.

Professional Degree
Definition: A degree that prepares the holder for a specific position, such as a medical, dental or law degree. The professional degree is typically earned after earning a baccalaureate or bachelor’s degree. Typically three to five years of equivalent full-time study in an approved course of study are needed for a professional degree.

Professional Ethics
Definition: A code of conduct requiring people from different professions to act honorably and honestly as they engage in their profession.

Room and Board
Definition: Fees or charges for lodging and food.

Transfer Curriculum
Definition: Courses taken at California Community College or courses taken at private two-year colleges that qualify them to transfer to four-year colleges and universities.

Transfer Student
Definition: A student who has or will transfer from a community college or a two-year private college to a four-year college or university. Transfer can also occur between four-year institutions.

University of California
Definition: A public system of 10 universities in California. The UC enrolls the upper 12% of California’s high school graduates annually.

Undergraduate
Definition: A student attending a two or four-year college or university studying to receive a baccalaureate or bachelor’s degree.

Undocumented (Unprotected)
Definition: A person who does not have the appropriate documents allowing him/her to reside legally in the United States.

US residency
Definition: Legal status affirming that one is residing legally in the United States.
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